Congenital heart defects in children Treatment in Hyderabad

overview

symptom

Serious congenital heart defects usually occur soon after birth or in the first few months of life. Signs and symptoms can include:

The reasons

The right side of the heart carries blood to the lungs through vessels called pulmonary arteries. In the lungs, the blood picks up oxygen and then returns to the left side of the heart through the pulmonary veins. The left side of the heart then pumps blood through the aorta and to the rest of the body. Congenital heart defects in children Treatment in Hyderabad

Risk factors

Most congenital heart defects result from problems in your child’s early heart development, the cause of which is unknown. However, certain environmental and genetic risk factors can play a role. They include:

Rubella (German measles). Rubella during pregnancy can cause problems with your baby’s heart development. Your doctor can test you for immunity to this viral disease before pregnancy and vaccinate you against it if you are not immune.
Diabetes. You can reduce the risk of congenital heart defects by carefully controlling your diabetes before conception and during pregnancy. Gestational diabetes usually doesn’t increase your baby’s risk of developing a heart defect.
Medication. Some medicines taken during pregnancy can cause birth defects, including birth defects of the heart. Give your doctor a full list of the medications you are taking before trying to get pregnant.

Medicines known to increase the risk of congenital heart defects include thalidomide (Thalomid), angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEs), statins, isotretinoin, an acne medicine (Absorica, Amnesteem, Claravis), and lithium .

Drink alcohol during pregnancy. Avoid alcohol during pregnancy as it increases the risk of congenital heart defects.
Smoke. Smoking during pregnancy increases the chances of congenital heart disease in the baby. Congenital heart defects in children Treatment in Hyderabad

prevention

Because the exact cause of most congenital heart defects is unknown, it may not be possible to prevent these conditions from occurring. However, there are things you can do to reduce your child’s overall risk of birth defects and possibly heart defects, such as:

Get the rubella vaccine. Rubella infection during pregnancy can affect your baby’s heart development. Make sure you get the vaccine before trying to receive.
Control chronic diseases. If you have diabetes, controlling your blood sugar can reduce the risk of heart defects. If you have other chronic conditions such as epilepsy that require medication, discuss the risks and benefits of these medications with your doctor.
Avoid harmful substances. While you are pregnant, let someone else do the painting and cleaning with strong smelling products. In addition, do not take any medication,Congenital heart defects in children Treatment in Hyderabad

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