The common cold is a viral infection of the nose and throat (upper respiratory tract). It’s generally harmless, although it doesn’t appear to be. Many types of viruses can cause the common cold.
- Children under the age of 6 are most susceptible to colds, but healthy adults can expect two or three colds a year as well.
- Most people recover from a cold within a week or 10 days. Symptoms can last longer in people who smoke. If symptoms do not improve, contact your doctor.Common cold Treatment Hyderabad
Cold symptoms usually appear one to three days after exposure to a virus that is causing the common cold. Signs and symptoms, which can vary from person to person, can include:Common cold Treatment Hyderabad
- Runny or stuffy nose
- Sore throat
- to cough
- Mild muscle pain or headache
- Light fever
- General malaise (malaise)
Although many types of virus can cause the common cold, rhinoviruses are the most common culprits.Common cold Treatment Hyderabad
- A cold virus enters your body through your mouth, eyes, or nose. The virus can be spread through airborne droplets when someone who is sick coughs, sneezes, or speaks.
- It is also spread through direct contact with a cold or by sharing contaminated objects such as utensils, towels, toys, or phones. If you touch your eyes, nose, or mouth after such contact or exposure, you could catch a cold.
These factors can increase your chances of catching a cold:Common cold Treatment Hyderabad
- Age. Children under the age of 6 are most susceptible to colds, especially if they spend time in daycare.
- Weak immune system: Having a chronic illness or weakened immune system increases your risk.
- Period of the year. Children and adults are more prone to colds in the fall and winter, but you can catch a cold anytime.
- Smoke. You are more likely to catch colds and get more colds if exposed to cigarette smoke.
- Exposure. When you’re with a lot of people, for example at school or on a plane, you are likely exposed to viruses that cause colds.
There’s no such thing as a vaccine for colds, but there are precautions you can take to slow the spread of cold viruses:
- Wash your hands Wash your hands thoroughly and frequently with soap and water, and teach your children the importance of hand washing. If soap and water are not available, use an alcohol-based hand sanitizer.
Disinfect your belongings. Clean kitchen and bathroom counters with disinfectant, especially if a family member has a cold. Wash children’s toys regularly.
Use handkerchiefs. Sneeze and cough into the tissues. Throw away used tissues immediately and wash your hands thoroughly.
- Teach children to sneeze or cough into their elbows when they don’t have a tissue. In this way, they cover their mouths without using their hands.
- Do not share. Do not share glasses or utensils with other family members. Use your own glass or disposable cup when you or someone else is sick. Label the mug or glass with the name of the person who is cold.
Avoid colds. Avoid close contact with people with colds.Common cold Treatment Hyderabad