- Cold sores
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- Cold sores – also called cold sores – are a common viral infection. These are tiny, fluid-filled bubbles on and around your lips. These bubbles are often grouped into spots. After the blisters break, a scab forms that can last for several days. Cold sores usually heal in two to three weeks without leaving a scar. Cold sore treatment in hyderabad
Cold sores spread from person to person through close contact, such as B. Kissing. They are usually caused by the herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) and less often by the herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2). Both viruses can infect your mouth or genitals and spread through the mouth. Cold sores are contagious even if you can’t see the sores.
A cold sore usually goes through several stages:
Tingling and itching. Many people experience itching, burning, or tingling around their lips for about a day before a small, hard, painful area appears and blisters break out.
Blow. Small, fluid-filled bubbles usually appear on the edge of your lips. Sometimes they appear around the nose or cheeks, or in the mouth.
Oozing and crispy. The small bubbles can fuse and then burst, leaving flat, open sores that ooze and crust.
Cold sores are caused by certain strains of the herpes simplex virus (HSV). HSV-1 usually causes cold sores. HSV-2 is generally responsible for genital herpes. But any type can be spread to the face or genitals through close contact such as kissing or oral sex. Common kitchen utensils, razors, and towels can also spread HSV-1.
Cold sores are more contagious when you have blisters because the virus spreads easily through contact with infected body fluids. However, you can spread the virus even if you don’t have blisters. Many people infected with the virus that cause cold sores never develop signs and symptoms.
After you’ve had a herpes infection, the virus lies dormant in the nerve cells of your skin and can appear as more cold sores in the same place as before. Repetition can be triggered by: Cold sore treatment in hyderabad
Viral infection or fever
- Hormonal changes such as those related to menstruation
Almost everyone is at risk of cold sores. Most adults carry the virus that causes cold sores, even if they have never had symptoms.
You are most at risk for complications from the virus when your immune system is affected by conditions and treatments such as:
- HIV / AIDS
- Atopic dermatitis (eczema)
- Chemotherapy for cancer
In some people, the virus that causes cold sores can cause problems in other areas of the body, including:
With your fingertips. HSV-1 and HSV-2 can be spread with your fingers. This type of infection is often referred to as whitlow herpes. Children who suck their thumbs can spread the infection from their mouth to their thumbs.
Eyes. The virus can sometimes cause an eye infection. Repeated infections can cause scars and injuries, which can lead to vision problems or loss of vision.
our doctor may prescribe an antiviral medicine to take regularly if you develop cold sores more than nine times a year, or if you are at high risk of serious complications. If sunlight is triggering your relapses, use sunscreen when the cold sores are prone to breakout. Or talk to your doctor about using an oral antiviral preventive agent if you are planning an activity that triggers your condition, such as: B. intense sunlight.
- To prevent cold sores from spreading to other people or parts of the body, you can take some of the following precautions:
- Avoid kissing and skin contact with people with blisters. The virus spreads more easily when fluid leaks from the bubbles. Cold sore treatment in hyderabad