Chronic kidney disease, also called chronic kidney disease, describes the gradual loss of kidney function. Your kidneys filter waste and excess fluid from your blood, which is then excreted in your urine. When chronic kidney disease reaches advanced stages, dangerous amounts of fluids, electrolytes, and waste can build up in your body.
- Few signs or symptoms may appear in the early stages of chronic kidney disease. Chronic kidney disease may not show up until your kidney function is seriously impaired.
- Chronic kidney disease treatment aims to slow the progression of kidney damage, usually by controlling the underlying cause. Chronic kidney disease can lead to end-stage kidney disease that is fatal without artificial filtration (dialysis) or kidney transplantation.Chronic renal failure Treatment Hyderabad
The signs and symptoms of chronic kidney disease develop over time as the kidney damage slowly progresses. Signs and symptoms of kidney disease can include:Chronic renal failure Treatment Hyderabad
- Loss of appetite
- Fatigue and weakness
- Sleep disorder
- Changes in the amount of urine
- Decreased mental acuity
- Muscle contractions and cramps
- Swelling of the feet and ankles
- Persistent itching
Illustration shows a normal kidney versus a diseased kidney
Normal kidney or diseased kidney Open popup dialog Polycystic kidney compared to normal kidney
Polycystic KidneyOpen Pop-up Dialog
Chronic kidney disease occurs when a disease or condition interferes with kidney function and, while working, causes kidney damage for several months or years.
Diseases and conditions that cause chronic kidney disease include:
- Type 1 or Type 2 diabetes
- Arterial hypertension
- Glomerulonephritis (Gloe-mer-u-low-nuh-FRY-tis), an inflammation of the filter units of the kidney (glomeruli)
- Interstitial nephritis (in-tur-STISH-ul nuh-FRY-tis), an inflammation of the kidney tubules and surrounding structures
- Polycystic Kidney DiseaseChronic renal failure Treatment Hyderabad
Factors that can increase your risk of developing chronic kidney disease include:Chronic renal failure Treatment Hyderabad
- Arterial hypertension
- Heart and vascular diseases (cardiovascular diseases)
- Be African American, American Indian, or Asian-American
- Family history of kidney disease
- Abnormal kidney structure
- Older age
To reduce your risk of developing kidney disease:
- Follow the directions for over-the-counter medications. When using nonprescription pain relievers such as aspirin, ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin IB, etc.), and acetaminophen (Tylenol, etc.), follow the directions on the package. Taking too many pain relievers can cause kidney damage and should generally be avoided if you have kidney disease. Ask your doctor whether these medicines are safe for you.
- Maintain a healthy weight. When you have a healthy weight work to maintain it by being physically active most days of the week. If you need to lose weight, talk to your doctor about healthy weight loss strategies. This often includes increasing daily physical activity and reducing calories.
- Do not smoke. Smoking can damage your kidneys and make existing kidney damage worse. If you smoke, talk to your doctor about smoking cessation strategies. Support groups, counseling, and medication can all help you quit.Chronic renal failure Treatment Hyderabad