Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease Treatment Hyderabad

overview


Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a chronic inflammatory disease of the lungs that obstructs the flow of air to the lungs. Symptoms include difficulty breathing, coughing, build up of mucus (sputum), and wheezing. It is usually caused by long-term exposure to irritating gases or particles, most often from cigarette smoke. People with COPD are at increased risk of developing heart disease, lung cancer, and a variety of other conditions.

symptom


Symptoms of COPD often don’t appear until significant lung damage has occurred, and they usually get worse over time, especially if exposure to smoking continues.

Signs and symptoms of COPD can include:

The reasons


The main cause of COPD in developed countries is smoking. In developing countries, COPD is common in people exposed to fumes from burning fuel used for cooking and heating in poorly ventilated homes.

Risk factors


Risk factors for COPD include:

Prevention


Unlike some diseases, COPD usually has a clear cause and route to prevention, and there are ways to slow the progression of the disease. Most cases are directly related to smoking, and the best way to prevent COPD is to never smoke – or to stop smoking now.
Quit smoking to lower your risk of heart disease and lung cancer.
Get an annual flu shot and regular pneumococcal pneumonia vaccination to reduce the risk of infection or prevent infection.
Talk to your doctor if you feel sad, helpless, or if you think you may have depression.Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease Treatment Hyderabad

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