Bladder stones are hard masses of minerals in your bladder. They occur when minerals crystallize in concentrated urine and form stones. This often happens when you’re having trouble emptying your bladder completely.
- Small bladder stones can go away without treatment, but sometimes bladder stones require medication or surgery. If left untreated, bladder stones can lead to infection and other complications.
Sometimes bladder stones – even large ones – are not a problem. However, if a stone irritates the bladder wall or blocks the flow of urine, the following signs and symptoms may occur:
- Abdominal pain
- Painful urination
- Frequent urination
- Difficulty urinating or stopping the flow of urine
- Blood in the urine
- Cloudy or unusually dark urine
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Bladder stones can develop if your bladder does not empty completely. This causes the urine to become concentrated urine and then crystallize and form stones.
- Enlarged prostate. An enlarged prostate (benign prostatic hyperplasia, or BPH) can cause bladder stones in men. An enlarged prostate can block the flow of urine and prevent the bladder from emptying completely.
- Damaged nerves. Usually, nerves carry messages from your brain to your bladder muscles and direct your bladder muscles to tighten or relax. If these nerves are damaged from a stroke, spinal cord injury, or other health problem, your bladder may not be completely empty. This is known as a neurogenic bladder.Bladder stones Treatment Hyderabad
Men, especially those over 50, are more likely to have bladder stones.
Conditions that can increase your risk of developing bladder stones include:
- An obstacle. Any condition that blocks the flow of urine from your bladder to the urethra – the tube that carries urine out of your body – can lead to the formation of bladder stones. There are a number of causes, but the most common is an enlarged prostate.
- Nerve damage. Stroke, spinal cord injury, Parkinson’s disease, diabetes, herniated disc, and a host of other problems can damage the nerves that control bladder function.Bladder stones Treatment Hyderabad
Bladder stones are usually caused by an underlying condition that is difficult to prevent. However, you can reduce your risk of bladder stones by following these tips:
- Tell your doctor about any unusual urinary symptoms. Early diagnosis and treatment of an enlarged prostate or other urological condition can reduce the risk of developing bladder stones.
- Drink plenty of fluids. Drinking more fluids, especially water, can help prevent bladder stones because fluids dilute the concentration of minerals in your bladder. The amount of water you should drink depends on your age, height, health, and level of activity. Ask your doctor how much fluid is right for you.Bladder stones Treatment Hyderabad