Basal cell carcinoma
Basal cell carcinoma Open the popup dialog
Basal cell carcinoma is a type of skin cancer. Basal cell carcinoma begins in basal cells – a type of cell in the skin that makes new skin cells when old ones die.Basal cell carcinoma Treatment Hyderabad
- Basal cell carcinoma often appears as a slightly transparent lump on the skin, although it can take other forms. Basal cell carcinoma most commonly occurs in areas of the skin that are exposed to the sun, such as the B. Head and Neck.
- It is believed that most basal cell carcinomas are caused by long-term exposure to ultraviolet (UV) rays from sunlight. Avoiding the sun and using sunscreen can help protect against basal cell carcinoma.
Basal cell carcinoma usually develops in parts of your body that are exposed to the sun, especially the head and neck. Less commonly, basal cell carcinoma may develop in parts of your body that are generally protected from the sun, such as the: B. the genitals.
- Basal cell carcinoma occurs as a change in the skin such as B. a growth or a wound that does not heal. These skin changes (lesions) usually have one of the following characteristics:
- A pearly white, skin colored, or pink bump that is translucent, which means you can see a little through the surface. Tiny blood vessels are often visible. In people with darker skin, the lesion may be darker but still a little translucent. This lesion is the most common type of basal cell carcinoma and is common on the face and ears. The lesion may tear, bleed, and form a scab.
A brown, black, or blue lesion – or a lesion with dark spots – with a slightly raised translucent border.
A flat, scaly, reddish spot with a raised edge is more common on the back or chest. Over time, these corrections can become very extensive.
Where skin cancer grows
Where does skin cancer grow? Open the popup dialog
Basal cell carcinoma occurs when one of the basal cells in the skin develops a mutation in its DNA.
- Basal cells are located at the bottom of the epidermis – the outermost layer of skin. Basal cells produce new skin cells. As new skin cells are produced, they push the older cells to the surface of the skin, where the old cells die and are shed.
- The process of creating new skin cells is controlled by DNA from a basal cell. DNA contains the instructions that tell a cell what to do. The mutation tells the basal cell to multiply quickly and keep growing when it would normally die. Eventually, the abnormal cells that build up can form a cancerous tumor – the lesion that appears on the skin.
Factors that increase your risk for basal cell carcinoma include:
- Chronic exposure to the sun. Spending time in the sun – or in commercial tanning beds – increases the risk of basal cell carcinoma. The threat is greater if you live in a sunny location or at high altitude, both of which are more exposed to UV rays. Severe sunburns also increase your risk.Basal cell carcinoma Treatment Hyderabad
- Radiotherapy. Radiation therapy to treat acne or other skin conditions can increase the risk of basal cell carcinoma in previous treatment sites on the skin.
- Clean skin. The risk of basal cell carcinoma is higher in people with freckles or a slight stinging sensation, or with very light skin, red or blonde hair, or light eyes.
- Increased age. Because basal cell carcinoma often takes decades to develop, the majority of basal cell carcinomas occur in older people. However, it can affect young adults as well and is increasingly common in people in their twenties and thirties.
- A personal or family history of skin cancer. If you have had basal cell carcinoma one or more times, there is a good chance you will get it again. If you have a family history of skin cancer, you may be at increased risk of developing basal cell carcinoma.
To reduce your risk of basal cell carcinoma, you can:
- Avoid the sun in the middle of the day. In many places, the sun’s rays are strongest between around 10 a.m. and 4:00 p.m. Plan outdoor activities.Basal cell carcinoma Treatment Hyderabad