- An atrioventricular channel defect is a combination of heart problems that lead to a defect in the center of the heart. The condition occurs when there is a hole between the chambers of the heart and there are problems with the valves that regulate blood flow in the heart.
- Sometimes called an endocardial cushion defect or atrioventricular septal defect, an atrioventricular canal defect is present at birth (congenital). The disease is often associated with Down syndrome.
- An atrioventricular duct abnormality causes extra blood to flow to the lungs. The extra blood overloads the heart, causing the heart muscle to enlarge. Atrioventricular canal defect Treatment in Hyderabad
- An atrioventricular channel abnormality can affect only the upper two chambers of the heart (partially) or all four chambers (completely). In both types, extra blood circulates in the lungs.
- Complete atrioventricular channel abnormality
Signs and symptoms usually develop in the first few weeks of life. These signs and symptoms are generally similar to those associated with heart failure and can include:
- Difficulty breathing or breathing quickly Atrioventricular canal defect Treatment in Hyderabad
- Loss of appetite
- Little weight gain
- Pale skin color
Chambers and heart valves
Ventricles and Valves Open Popup Dialog An atrioventricular channel abnormality is shown
Atrioventricular Channel Anomaly Open popup dialog
An atrioventricular channel defect occurs before birth, when a baby’s heart is developing. Certain factors, such as Down syndrome, can increase the risk of atrioventricular channel abnormalities. However, the cause is generally unknown.
Factors that can increase a baby’s risk of developing an atrioventricular channel defect before birth include:
- Down syndrom
- German measles (rubella) or other viral diseases during a mother’s early pregnancy
- Alcohol Consumption During Pregnancy
- Poorly Controlled Diabetes During Pregnancy
- Smoking during pregnancy
An atrioventricular channel defect usually cannot be avoided.
Heredity can play a role in some heart defects. If you have a family history of heart defects, or if you already have a child with a congenital heart defect, talk to a genetic counselor and cardiologist before getting pregnant again.
Vaccination with the rubella vaccine was one of the most effective prevention strategies against congenital heart defects. Atrioventricular canal defect Treatment in Hyderabad