- Atopic dermatitis on the legs
- Atopic Dermatitis Open the popup dialog
- Atopic dermatitis (eczema) is a disease that makes your skin red and itchy. It is common in children but can occur at any age. Atopic dermatitis is long-lasting (chronic) and tends to flash on a regular basis. It can be accompanied by asthma or hay fever.
No cure has been found for atopic dermatitis. However, treatments and self-care measures can relieve the itching and prevent further outbreaks. For example, avoiding harsh soaps, regularly moisturizing your skin, and applying medicated creams or ointments will help.
Atopic dermatitis of the chest
Atopic Dermatitis on Chest Open popup dialog box. Infantile Eczema
Childhood Eczema Open the popup dialog
The signs and symptoms of atopic dermatitis (eczema) vary widely from person to person and include:
- Itching, which can be severe, especially at night
- Red to brownish-gray spots, especially on the hands, feet, ankles, wrists, neck, upper chest, eyelids, within the curve of the elbows and knees, and on babies, face and scalp
- Small, raised bumps from which liquid and crust can leak out when scratched
- Thickened, cracked, and flaky skin
- Raw, sensitive and puffy skin from scratches
Healthy skin helps retain moisture and protects you from bacteria, irritants and allergens. Eczema is linked to a genetic variation that affects the skin’s ability to provide this protection. As a result, your skin can be affected by environmental factors, irritants and allergens.
In some children, food allergies can play a role in causing eczema.
The main risk factor for atopic dermatitis is a personal or family history of eczema, allergies, hay fever, or asthma.
The following tips can help prevent dermatitis episodes (flare-ups) and minimize the drying effects of the bath:
Moisturize your skin at least twice a day. Creams, ointments and lotions retain moisture. Pick one or more products that work well for you. Using petroleum jelly on your baby’s skin can help prevent atopic dermatitis from developing.
Try to identify and avoid the triggers that make the condition worse. Things that can affect the skin reaction include sweat, stress, obesity, soaps, detergents, dust, and pollen. Reduce your exposure to your triggers.
Infants and children can have flare-ups from eating certain foods, such as eggs, milk, soy, and wheat. Talk to your child’s doctor to determine any possible food allergies.
Take shorter baths or showers. Limit your baths and showers to 10 to 15 minutes. And use lukewarm water instead of hot. Atopic dermatitis (eczema) Treatment in Hyderabad