Atelectasis Treatment Hyderabad

overview


Atelectasis Cause Atelectasis occurs due to a blocked airway (obstructive) or from pressure outside the lungs (non-obstructive). General anesthesia is a common cause of atelectasis. It changes your regular breathing rate and influences the gas exchange in the lungs, whereby the air sacs (alveoli) can be emptied. Almost everyone who undergoes major surgery will develop atelectasis. It often occurs after cardiac bypass surgery. Obstructive atelectasis can be caused by many factors including: Mucus blockage. A mucus plug is a build-up of mucus in your airways. This usually happens during and after the surgery because you cannot cough. Drugs given during surgery make you breathe less deeply, causing normal secretions to build up in your airways. Suctioning the lungs during surgery helps flush them out, but sometimes they still build up. Mucus plugs are also common in children, people with cystic fibrosis, and in severe asthma attacks. Foreign body. Atelectasis is common in children who have inhaled an object such as a peanut or a small piece of toy into their lungs. Tumor in the airways. Abnormal growth can narrow the airways. (at-uh-LEK-tuh-sis) is a complete or partial collapse of the entire lung or the area (lobe) of the lung. It occurs when the tiny air sacs (alveoli) in the lungs deflate or eventually fill with alveolar fluid.

symptom


There may not be any obvious signs or symptoms of atelectasis. If you have signs and symptoms, these could include:

The reasons


Atelectasis occurs due to a blocked airway (obstructive) or from pressure outside the lungs (non-obstructive).

Obstructive atelectasis can be caused by many factors, including:

Risk factors


Factors that increase the likelihood of atelectasis include:

prevention


Atelectasis in children is often caused by a blockage in the airways. Keep small items out of the reach of children to reduce the risk of atelectasis.

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