Acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is a type of blood and bone marrow cancer – the spongy tissue in the bones where blood cells are made.
The word “acute” in acute lymphoblastic leukemia comes from the fact that the disease progresses rapidly and produces immature rather than mature blood cells. The word “lymphocytic” in acute lymphocytic leukemia refers to white blood cells called lymphocytes, which affect ALL. Acute lymphoblastic leukemia is also known as acute lymphoblastic leukemia.
Acute lymphoblastic leukemia is the most common cancer in children and treatments have a good chance of recovery. Acute lymphoblastic leukemia can also occur in adults, although the chances of recovery are greatly reduced. Acute lymphoblastic leukemia Acute lymphocytic leukemia Treatment in Hyderabad
The signs and symptoms of acute lymphoid leukemia can include:
- Bleeding gums
- Bone pain
- Frequent infections
- Frequent or severe nosebleeds
- Bumps from swollen lymph nodes in and around the neck, armpits, abdomen or groin
- Pale skin
- shortness of breath
- Weakness, tiredness, or general decrease in energy
Acute lymphoblastic leukemia occurs when a bone marrow cell develops changes (mutations) in its genetic material or DNA. A cell’s DNA contains the instructions that tell a cell what to do. Normally, the DNA tells the cell to grow at a set rate and eventually die. In acute lymphoblastic leukemia, mutations instruct the bone marrow cells to keep growing and dividing. Acute lymphoblastic leukemia Acute lymphocytic leukemia Treatment in Hyderabad
In this case, the production of blood cells gets out of control. The bone marrow produces immature cells that turn into leukemic white blood cells called lymphoblasts. These abnormal cells cannot function properly and can build and displace healthy cells.
It is not known what causes the DNA mutations that can lead to acute lymphoblastic leukemia.
Factors that can increase your risk of acute lymphoblastic leukemia include:
- Previous cancer treatment. Children and adults who have received certain types of chemotherapy and radiation therapy for other cancers may be at an increased risk of developing acute lymphoblastic leukemia.
- Radiation exposure. People who are exposed to very high levels of radiation, such as B. Nuclear accident survivors are at increased risk of developing acute lymphoblastic leukemia.
- Genetic disorders. Certain genetic disorders such as Down syndrome are linked to an increased risk of acute lymphoblastic leukemia. Acute lymphoblastic leukemia Acute lymphocytic leukemia Treatment in Hyderabad