Acute coronary syndrome is a term used to describe a range of conditions associated with sudden and decreased blood flow to the heart.
One of these diseases is a heart attack (myocardial infarction) – when cell death leads to damage or destruction of the heart tissue. Even if acute coronary syndrome does not cause cell death, decreased blood flow will affect the way your heart works and is a sign of a high risk of a heart attack.
Acute coronary syndrome often causes severe chest pain or discomfort. It is a medical emergency that requires immediate diagnosis and treatment. Treatment goals include improving blood flow, managing complications, and preventing future problems. Acute coronary syndrome Treatment in Hyderabad
The signs and symptoms of acute coronary syndrome usually start suddenly. They include:
- Chest pain (angina) or discomfort, often described as pain, pressure, tightness, or burning
- Pain that spreads from the chest to the shoulders, arms, upper abdomen, back, neck, or jaw
- Nausea or vomiting
- Shortness of breath (difficulty breathing)
- Sudden and profuse sweating (diaphoresis)
- Dizziness, lightheadedness, or fainting
- Unusual or unexplained tiredness
- I feel excited or worried
Acute coronary syndrome usually results from the build-up of fatty deposits (plaques) in and on the walls of the coronary arteries, where the blood vessels supply the heart muscles with oxygen and nutrients.
When a plaque deposit cracks or divides, a blood clot forms. This clot blocks blood flow to the heart muscles.
If the oxygen supply to the cells is insufficient, heart muscle cells can die. The death of cells – which leads to muscle tissue damage – is a heart attack (myocardial infarction).
Even in the absence of cell death, the decrease in oxygen causes the heart muscles to not function as they should. This change can be temporary or permanent. If the acute coronary syndrome does not lead to cell death, it is called unstable angina pectoris. Acute coronary syndrome Treatment in Hyderabad
The risk factors for acute coronary syndrome are the same as for other types of heart disease. Risk factors for acute coronary syndrome include:
- Arterial hypertension
- High blood cholesterol
- Lack of physical activity
- Bad eating habits
- Obesity or overweight
- Family history of chest pain, heart disease, or stroke
- A history of high blood pressure, preeclampsia, or diabetes during pregnancy
- Covid-19 infection