Acne is a skin condition that occurs when your hair follicles are clogged with oil and dead skin cells. It causes whiteheads, blackheads, or pimples. Acne is more common in teenagers, although it affects people of all ages.
Effective acne treatments are available, but acne can be stubborn. The pimples and bumps are slowly healing, and as you start to go away, more seem to show up.
Depending on the severity, acne can cause emotional stress and scar the skin. The sooner you start treatment, the less likely you are to have such problems.
General Cynical Acne Popup Dialog
Cystic Acne Pop-up Dialog Open
The signs of acne vary depending on the severity of your condition:
Whiteheads (closed clogged pores)
Blackheads (clogged open pores)
Small, red, tender bumps (papules)
Pimples (pustules), which are papules with pus on the end
Large, firm, painful bumps under the skin (nodules)
Painful pus-filled bumps under the skin (cystic lesions)
How acne develops
How Acne Grows Open the popup dialog
Four main factors cause acne:
Excessive production of oil (sebum)
Hair follicles clogged with oil and dead skin cells
Acne usually occurs on the face, forehead, chest, upper back, and shoulders because these areas of the skin contain the sebum glands. Hair follicles are connected to the sebum glands.
Hormonal changes. Androgens are hormones that increase in boys and girls during puberty, causing the sebum glands to expand and more sebum to be produced. Hormonal changes in middle age, especially in women, can also lead to rashes.
Certain drugs. Examples include drugs containing corticosteroids, testosterone, or lithium.
Diet. Studies show that eating certain foods – including high-carb foods like bread, bagels, and french fries – can make acne worse. More studies are needed to determine whether people with acne would benefit from the following specific dietary restrictions.
Stress. Stress doesn’t cause acne, but if you already have acne, stress can make it worse.
Risk factors for acne are:
Age. People of all ages can get acne, but it’s more common in teenagers.
Hormonal changes. Such changes often occur during puberty or pregnancy.
Family history. Genetics play a role in acne. If both parents have had acne, there is a risk that you will develop it too.
Fatty or oily substances. You can develop acne if your skin comes in contact with oils or oily lotions and creams.
Rubbing or pressure on your skin. This can be caused by items such as phones, cell phones, helmets, tight collars, and backpacks.