Depending on the severity of the manifestation, there are a variety of signs and symptoms of Crohn’s disease. This disease can occur in people of all ages who have an autoimmune disorder in which immune cells cause inflammation and damage parts of the digestive system. In some people, the disease can go into remission for long periods of time and they can be symptom-free. However, the condition can suddenly flare up and require medical intervention and treatment with prescribed medications ranging from anti-inflammatory drugs, antibiotics, 5-ASA agents, corticosteroids to biological therapy. While some patients can continue to live normal lives, others may find it difficult due to severe flare-ups.
Diarrhea is one of the first signs that the majority of patients experience. The patient may experience bowel movements several times a day, making him weak, tired, and dehydrated.
Patients may experience abdominal pain and discomfort, which may worsen as the condition worsens. The pain is the result of inflammation and ulcers that occur in this condition. Patients also complain of nausea and vomiting and are usually anemic because the absorption of essential nutrients is impaired. The patient may have mouth ulcers and anal sores. Some patients may have bloody stools due to internal bleeding when food gets through inflamed intestines. Other signs and symptoms include weight loss, loss of appetite, and stunted growth.
In some patients, signs of Crohn’s disease include fistulas. Fistulas are abnormal connections that connect the gut to several other organs. Eye infections, rashes, fever, and headache are other signs of Crohn’s disease that may appear in certain patients. Some patients have severe joint pain and can also have liver problems.
Patients will find that signs of Crohn’s disease can appear after a long absence. Some of the symptoms and signs may come back after stopping the medication. Some have allergic reactions to certain allergens that can trigger an episode.
Diet and stress play an important role in the treatment of the disease. A properly planned diet and the intake of vitamins and minerals can ensure that the patient’s health improves and the symptoms are under control.
Stress can make symptoms worse or worse. It is helpful if patients exercise regularly and practice relaxation techniques such as yoga and meditation.
Patients and caregivers need to learn all about the symptoms of Crohn’s disease. This helps them learn when to seek medical help. Children with Crohn’s disease will face many psychological problems and may also have to deal with delayed puberty and stunted growth. Parents need to provide support, get timely medical help, and create a positive environment that helps them become more confident. However, you should never try medication without consulting your doctor.