Hernia and its repair techniques

Inguinal hernia is a problem caused by the weakening of the muscles in the abdominal wall. It is a painful disease that can occur in both children and adults. The causes that can lead to a hernia are genetic or improper lifting techniques.

Due to the weakness of the abdominal wall, some internal organs, especially the intestine, swell in the peritoneum. This type of hernia is a simple case because the organs in the body can be manipulated. Still, no one can guarantee that these organs will stay in place without surgical help. This type of hernia is called a reducible hernia.

There are two other levels of hernias. The second type of hernia is the imprisoned hernia. In these cases, the intestines swell and become trapped. This type of hernia can lead to gangrene if the hernia is strangled (if the blood supply to the imprisoned hernia is interrupted). Strangulated hernia represents the third stage of the hernia.

Imprisoned and strangled hernias require surgery. These are considered medical emergencies and should be corrected in good time. Therefore, doctors recommend surgery in the first phase, even if the reducible hernia does not cause pain to the patient.

Inguinal hernia is a problem that can be treated. The repair can be carried out under local or general anesthesia. Although it is a safe operation, hernia repair is not recommended for all patients. Many factors can influence the choice of surgery. These factors include age, health, and type of hernia. Complications can arise if the patient is a smoker or alcoholic.

Depending on the factors mentioned above, patients may even be able to leave the hospital the second day after the operation. If complications arise, the patient should stay in the hospital longer than tree days.

There are two ways to repair a hernia. The first is used for simple hernias and is called herniorrhaphy. This procedure returns the intestine to its place and strengthens the abdominal wall. With larger hernias, hernioplasty is used. This procedure involves the use of a plastic or steel mesh that is added to the abdominal wall.

We know five types of common hernia repairs. These are named after the organ closest to the hernia. The repair of femoral hernias is so named because the hernia occurs near the point where the femoral artery runs from the leg to the trunk of the body. The repair of inguinal hernias, the repair of umbilical hernias, the repair of scar hernias and the repair of hiatal hernias are also worth mentioning.

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