Anal fistula and its treatments

Anal fistula, also called fistula-en-ano, is a condition in which in the perennial region a tunnel-like trail with one or more outer openings near the anus area is created, to which it leads an inner opening in the lining of the rectum or of the anal canal.

Allopathy, homeopathy and even Ayurveda have different treatment options for this disease. In Ayurveda, the anal fistula is called “Bhagandara” and classified based on the location and shape of the fistula trace. The complex ischiorectal fistula, also known as horseshoe fistula, was mentioned and extensively dealt with in the classic Ayurvedic text Sushruta from 300 AD. Ayurveda suggested the Ksharsutra treatment and with a little modification it is still relevant today, according to Ayurvedic medical services.

The rare disease of a chronically inflamed abnormal tunnel results from infection of the tissue lining of the anal canal. The trace between the outer skin of the anus and the anal canal sometimes drains watery pus, which can irritate the outer tissue and cause itching and discomfort. The infection is due to bacterial spread in the rectum. It can also occur due to colon cancer, tuberculosis, a healed rectal wound, diverticulitis, gonorrhea, ulcerative colitis, or Crohn’s disease. .

Symptoms of an anal fistula may include itching, discomfort and pain, recurring abscess, discharge of blood or pus, or irritation of the tissue around the anus, or a burning sensation over a period of several years. The symptoms go away if the abscess or boil spontaneously bursts and causes discharge. These boils heal for a short time, but reappear after a while. There is no specific cause for this, but sometimes the anorectal fissure is affected and the infection goes away to form a trail or fistula, and sometimes there is a history of anorectal abscesses.

Anal fistula can be treated but does not heal on its own. Fiber tissue grows on the inner walls of the fistula, and the pathogenic membrane does not allow spontaneous healing. The usual method of treatment is to remove the pathogenic membrane and the fibrous tissue, which can take many sessions and sometimes silk floss runs through parts of the track. The other methods can be sealing with fibrin glue, applying a skin graft, pitting the fistula, laser surgery or tonsillectomy, or cutting out the fistula and suturing the fistula. Wounds.

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