A fistula is a condition in which an abnormal passage forms between two parts of the inner body. Here the epithelial lining of the body is connected to internal organs or vessels. The epithelium is nothing more than the inner lining of barley. The tissue lines the inner parts and leads them to various functions such as glandular formation, secretion, selective absorption, etc.
When an anal fistula is formed, an unnatural bond is formed between the surface of the anal canal and the skin surrounding the anus. This can block the excretion output and lead to abscesses. If left untreated, the abscess can lead to pus formation or coagulation. The most common symptoms of a fistula here are pain, irritation, the spread of infection and other similar problems. Healing is often delayed by prolonged filling of stool, urine or other body fluids in the cavities. Sometimes they pierce any opening source, which can lead to further infection. Patients who already have diseases such as Croh’s disease, ulcers, cancer or inflammatory bowel disease tend to form fistulas easily. They can be single or multiple.
It was often found that the patient was unaware of the abnormality and was still living with the anal fistula. There can be several causes: both natural and induced. Induced anal fistula can occur due to violence or such encounters.
The most popular treatment is surgery, which is decided based on the severity of the situation and the patient’s suffering. In a difficult condition, in which the tract drains body fluid without central control, surgery is the best solution to complaints. It has also been found that under rare conditions the vagina or other pelvic areas may be connected to the anal epithelium due to the fistula.